Paint Luminous Watercolor Fall Foliage in 7 Steps

There are many beautiful colors to capture when the landscape begins to discard her summer dress. Autumn… shades of ochre, russet, crimson, umber and gold. We can find them all in our watercolor palettes and use them to create colorful fall landscapes.

I try to achieve the illusion of a grouping of trees without focusing on individual leaves. The colors and the techniques I choose are the key.

For this project we will be working on the grouping of trees depicted in this autumn landscape I painted of the view from my brother’s house in Northern Michigan.


  • 9″ x 12″ sheet of hot- or cold-press watercolor paper. I used Arches hot press in a 9 12 block.
  • A pointed round watercolor brush in size 8.
  • Artist grade watercolor paints in these colors: Hansa yellow light, new gamboge, yellow ochre, burnt sienna, burnt umber and French ultramarine blue
  • A container of clean water
  • A kitchen towel or soft rag to wipe your brushes
  • A stiff, inexpensive pointed round brush in a small size such as 1 or 0 to lift out the paint for the tree trunks
  • A small flat scrubber brush


I start with a simple, light pencil drawing on my watercolor paper to depict where I want my trees in my composition. I also indicate the diagonal lines of the field.


Next I want to add in the sky. In this painting the colorful trees are the star of the show, so I want to keep my sky simple and atmospheric.

I made a light wash of French ultramarine grayed out just a bit with a touch of burnt sienna. With my pointed round brush I washed on the sky, taking it all the way down to the horizon line, right over the trees.

I added some water to my brush starting at the top of the trees, to create an even lighter mix of grayish blue. Then I dropped in some clean water into the sky to push the blue paint around and suggest clouds. Finally, I dropped in a bit more of the grayish blue mix to suggest some darker shadow areas within the simple sky.


Once the sky is dry, it’s time to begin our trees. I made some puddles of paint on my favorite palette for mixing — a white dinner plate!

Here you can see hansa yellow light, new gamboge, yellow ochre, burnt sienna and burnt umber. I also created a darker brown by mixing some burnt umber with a bit of French ultramarine blue. (For this project I used Winsor & Newton Professional watercolors, but all brands have a version of these pigments.)

I want to make sure I have one container of clean water. I begin by dipping a clean watercolor brush into this water and dampening the area directly above the tree line that I penciled in. Just a bit — not too wet. This helps the tops of the trees blend softly into the sky.


Once that area is dampened I begin to work through the colors on my palette, dropping them off the tip of my brush onto the tree area. I begin with hansa yellow light just at the very tips, then add in new gamboge and yellow ochre to pull the golden hues down toward the middle. Be random, and have a light touch.


Once my painting is dry, I want to lift out some tree trunks and branches to give it even more depth. For this I use a stiff, synthetic brush that I purchased exclusively for this purpose. I’m using a Blick Scrubber in size 2 and a DaVinci Nova pointed round in size.


Now that the trees and sky are finished, it’s time to paint the field. I used a few of the same pigments from the rest of the painting, to keep color harmony in my work.

I started with a fresh dinner plate and added a puddle of hansa yellow light, yellow ochre and burnt umber, and a larger puddle of the burnt umber and French ultramarine mix.

Now it’s time too add some clean water by dropping it in to the area directly to the right of the darkest diagonal lines I have made with the burnt umber mix. This creates both depth and texture, giving the illusion of tall grasses and corn stubble. Once this layer is dry, I will add the finishing touches.


For the final touches, I want to highlight some of the texture in the field by lifting out some lines to suggest corn stalks. Using the size 0 pointed round lifting brush and the same technique used to create the tree trunks, I randomly lift out thin lines here and there.

I also use the same brush to paint in a few wispy reeds of grass with some watered down burnt umber. I can accentuate the right sides of the corn stalks, too. If I ever put too much paint down I can always blot it up with some clean kitchen towel.

Finally, I use a bit of the yellow ochre to suggest where the lines in the field go up to the horizon line. Take a look at my completed painting to how subtle these details are, and to know where you might want to add a bit to your own painting.

For this painting, I added a bit of permanent alizarin crimson to my sky, created a rich black using French ultramarine and burnt umber, and took a good long time to create those fine details. Just more more time and attention using the very same skills!